A Beginners Guide On How To Brew Coffee: Here’s What You Need To Know

by | Jul 31, 2019

There are many different ways to brew coffee, and each coffee lover tends to have their own favorite way of doing it. In its most straightforward form brewing coffee is opening a bag of coffee beans and exposing the grounds to hot water. Pretty simple stuff, right?

The art of making coffee is simple, but mastering it can take a fair while longer. By following a few fundamental steps, you can begin making the perfect cup of coffee from the comfort of your own home, and you can start cutting on those expensive trips to your favorite coffee shops.

So how to brew coffee? You can brew in a bag, you can French press coffee, you can buy your own beans and grind them. There are many different ways to do it.

In this article, we’ll explore some of these fundamental steps and different ways of brewing coffee, and this will set you on the path to brewing great tasting coffee.

Let’s get started.

Different Types Of Coffee To Brew At Home

Home is where the heart is and, it’s the best place to learn the art of Coffee brewing, and it doesn’t have to cost a lot to do this. The first thing which will determine the quality of the coffee you are making is the beans you choose to brew it with.

There are many different brands and quality of beans on the market, and you may already have your own personal favorite. You can buy pre-ground beans, instant coffee, or you can buy fresh beans that haven’t yet been ground.

Your budget may dictate which route you go down and generally if you buy fresh beans, this will be your best option if you’re looking for quality. If you do choose to invest in fresh beans, be sure to buy a high-quality coffee grinder to grind the beans with.

Buying instant coffee is the most cost-effective way to brew coffee. All you need to do is boil some water, add a teaspoon of instant coffee to a cup, add the water to the coffee, stir and then your coffee is ready to enjoy.

So, deciding which way you want to brew coffee at home, all comes down first and foremost to budget. Other factors that can affect the quality of the coffee you brew are water quality and temperature, your water to coffee ratio, the length of the brew, and the size of the ground coffee beans.


Water Quality

A cup of coffee is around 95% water, so you want to make sure the water you are using is of sufficient quality. If it’s safe to drink from the tap, then it’s safe to use for your coffee.

One of the best ways to make sure your water is of the highest quality before you brew your coffee is to put it through a water filter, which will purify it. This will make sure any toxins or nasty chemicals are removed from your water before you go ahead and brew your coffee with it.

One easy way to tell if the water you are using is of good quality is to taste to brew a cup of coffee with and see how it tastes. If it has a metallic taste to it, then you may want to look at getting a purifier or even using bottled water to improve the taste.



The temperature that you brew your coffee at is important at ensuring it’s of the highest quality. Ideally, your coffee should be brewed at around 195 – 205 F. The closer to 205 F the better.

Water that is less than 195 F won’t extract properly. This will have a detrimental effect on the quality of your brew. If the water is above 205 F, then it tends to over-extract things from the grounds very easily, which can lead to bitter-tasting coffee.

Of course, these are just guidelines, but it’s good to have an idea of what temperature you should be looking to brew your coffee at.


The Best Way To Brew Coffee At Home

There are many different ways that you can brew coffee, and I could write several articles detailing all the different ways. In this article, we will stick to the most common ways though.


French Press

The French press method of brewing coffee has existed since 1929. It’s widely considered as one of the easiest and best ways to brew high-quality, consistent coffee. Here are some steps to using the French Press:

  • Add your ground coffee to your carafe. Use one tablespoon per serving.
  • Boil your water in the kettle, keeping the temperature between 195 – 205 Fahrenheit.
  • Pour about half the water into your French Press, and allow the coffee to stand for around one minute.
  • Add the rest of the water and allow your coffee to stand for around another 3 minutes.
  • Press the plunger, using your hand as far as it will go.
  • Serve immediately and enjoy.

french press


Pour Over

The Pour Over method is a classic way of brewing coffee at home, and there are a few simple steps to follow to ensure you get the highest-quality coffee.

  • Bring your water to the boil.
  • Grind your beans to an even consistency.
  • Put a filter in your brewer and rinse with hot water. This will warm up your brewer and keep your coffee hotter for longer. Dispose of the water when you are finished with it.
  • Add the grounds to the filter, making sure the surface is level and pour the water over the grounds. Stop pouring before the coffee starts dripping through. This is called the ‘’bloom’’ pour and allows the coffee to de-gas.
  • Slowly pour in the remaining water, be sure to keep the water in the dripper between half and three-quarters full. This will take around 3-4 minutes. Remove the filter, then serve and enjoy.

There are plenty of other ways to brew coffee at home, but using a French Press or the Pour Over method are two great ways to get started.


Brewing Equipment And Filters

Depending on the way you brew coffee you’ll need different equipment to carry this out. If you want to French Press your coffee then you’ll nee a few things. The French Press separates into two main parts: the first part is the lid, plunger, and filter. French Presses use a metal filter that allows natural oils and fine particles from the coffee beans to pass through into the cup.

The filter is connected to the plunger and the lid fits onto the top of the beaker. The second part of the French press is the beaker, base and handle. The beaker is usually made from glass, while some models are plastic. The French Press is a very simple device to use and it doesn’t require a lot of fancy equipment to use.

For making Pour Over coffee, you’ll need a Pour-over brewer, a filter and a cup. Again it’s pretty easy to make Pour Over coffee and you won’t need a lot of expensive equipment to make it happen.


The Final Word On Brewing Coffee

There’s plenty of ways to brew great coffee at home and this guide should have given you some good ideas of where to start. If you do learn to start brewing coffee at home, you’ll soon start saving money and not having to go to expensive coffee shops.

You don’t need to complicate the process and it’s very easy to start making great coffee at home. The good thing to remember is that you can experiment as well. You can test out different types, different ways of brewing and see which suits you best. Variety is the spice of life after all!

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